Tesla recently filed a patent on a new technology that could make its battery packs safer. The system is designed to isolate damage caused by failed battery cells, and prevent them from affecting intact cells in the pack.
When battery cells fail, they typically release hot gases that can spread the damage to nearby cells. Tesla’s patent describes the use of two interconnects that would be positioned over multiple battery cells, as well as a top plate with weak areas designed to rupture when failed battery cells release heat and create pressure.
“The system may include features or material to thermally insulate the battery cells from the heat generated by other cells…such as a polymer-based insulating material or another type of insulating material,” reads the patent in part. “The system may also include features, such as a cold plate or heat pipes, to remove heat generated by the battery cells…The features or material to perform this electrical insulation may include the interstitial material or a sleeve…In alternate embodiments, an air gap may provide the necessary electrical isolation. The energy storage system may [also] include features or material for directing the hot-gas discharge during failure of a battery cell.”