EV Engineering News

EVs expected to boost demand for aluminum

A recent analysis by mining and metals consultancy CRU finds that demand for aluminum, driven by increased production of plug-in vehicles, is set to skyrocket by the year 2030. Demand will reach nearly 10 million metric tons, a tenfold increase over 2017 levels. According to CRU, demand for “primary aluminum-intensive extrusions and rolled products will be significantly higher than we see in internal combustion engines today.” Also, the use of scrap for secondary castings will fall as the market shifts to pure EVs.

Plug-in vehicles use 25-27% more aluminum than the typical ICE vehicle (based on 160 kg of aluminum per vehicle). While the increased use of aluminum in ICE cars is primarily for weight savings, EVs use aluminum for various electric powertrain components, including battery housings, motors, inverters, converters, chargers, heat pumps, and reduction drives. Plug-in vehicles also use aluminum for the body-in-white and for components that they share with ICE vehicles, such as brakes, steering components, wheels, etc. CRU estimates that approximately 60 kg worth of these types of components will remain in all types of electrified vehicles.

To estimate the aluminum intensity of EVs, CRU interviewed carmakers, as well as Tier 1 and Tier 2 automotive suppliers. Their analysts also reviewed investor materials, information from auto shows and conference presentations from industry members.

Regarding scrap usage, CRU explains that “excluding used beverage cans, car engines are the main market for end-of-life aluminum scrap,” and predicts that by retaining the engine, plug-in and hybrid vehicles will support demand for secondary aluminum castings. CRU also suggests that makers of rolled aluminum products should be “betting against great leaps in battery technology and extended driving range,” as rolled products are less suitable for these components.


Source: CRU via Green Car Congress

Create Account. Already Registered? Log In

EV Infrastructure Webinars

The free webinar sessions from our Virtual Conference on EV Infrastructure are now available to view on-demand. Register for a session below to watch the recording and download the presentation.


EV Engineering Webinars & Whitepapers

EV Tech Explained

The Tech

Webinar: Optimizing battery pack and module production testing

Toyota to source recycled EV battery components from Redwood Materials

Altilium works to transform mine tailings into valuable EV battery materials

Will designating China as an “entity of concern” spur the development of US supply chains?

The Vehicles & Infrastructure

New version of Chargeway EV routing app embeds real-time charger info for drivers

Today’s EV infrastructure webinar schedule: Wednesday, December 6th

Nissan is ramping up EV production at its UK factory—but will it have enough batteries?

Today’s EV infrastructure webinar schedule: Tuesday, December 5th

New white paper examines how auto dealers are preparing to service EVs

New York State opens applications for $100 million in funding for electric school buses

Westminster City Council powers fleet of 45 electric refuse trucks with waste

Today’s EV infrastructure webinar schedule: Monday, December 4th

Daimler Truck puts EVs into service in its own logistics operations in the Pacific Northwest

Sweden’s Charge Amps produces sleek, stylish smart EV chargers